Odradit neki uvod u tematiku, 100-150 riječi, table of contents ide ispod ovog, dodat jedom boldani keyword “remanufactured ink”.

Have you ever heard about the Razor and Blades business model?

A system pioneered by the shaving industry, started back in XY, where one would purchase a quite affordable shaving set, which would then consist of a high quality razor handle paired with low quality blades. Although the actual handle would last you for years to come, the tricky part were the interchangeable blades.

You see, while our great grandfathers shaved with straight razors which had to be sharpened before every shave, this solution removed that hassle and introduced sharp, interchangeable blades that could be exchanged whenever the user would not happy with them. Since one interchangeable blade would last for just a few weeks, that same model created recurring customers who would come back to the store on a quarterly, if not monthly basis – to buy more interchangeable blades and continue using the razor handle.

In other words, the Razor and Blades business model is giving out the main item for a loss, or even for free, in order to cross or up sell a complementary good or consumable supply.

Through the years we saw several versions of that same model coming and going, Nintendo selling gaming consoles as the main item, while video games were the complementary good. Kodak, one of the legends of the industry, with their cheap cameras as the main item, while the film, processing chemicals and printing supplies acted as complementary goods and consumable supplies.

How are printer manufacturers connected to this model?

Now, you’re probably asking yourself what does this story have to do with remanufactured ink cartridges? Well, soon enough Epson, as well as HP and Canon introduced a similar business model to the market. They saw that the market for photo and document printing was increasing from year to year, not only within the office environment, but also at home.

That same research lead them in to developing the first consumer printers, cheap machines which needed a constant supply of ink to actually perform their job. Or, by today’s standards, an inkjet printer paired with at least one black and one Tri-Color Ink Cartridge – one of the most profitable examples of the Razor and Blade business model.

Let’s fast forward to the genuine Ink Cartridge era…

Since the market was still fresh, companies experimented with their pricing structure (similar to Apple and their crazy prices nowadays), as well as testing the most efficient way of selling you the main product, the printer, and offering the least complicated way of supplying you with ink cartridges for it. Prices for the printers were going as high as $3500. Not only that, until the 1984 we didn’t have a dependable method of exchanging ink.

One of the first inkjet cartridges was the ThinkJet. The cartridge supported speeds of up to 1Khz with which it produced a 96DPI print job, managed through 12 nozzles, with a drop size of around 30 picoliters. Quite inefficient for today’s standards, especially compared with the 1 picoliter devices. But, back then, HP seemed like they hit a jackpot with that device, which lead other companies to follow the ink jet trend.

Later on HP improved their product line by introducing the Deskwriter printer, a more efficient model paired with a HP 26 Black InkJet Cartridge. The asking price for the total setup was $1,195, which would be around $2,300 in today’s money. Competitors followed, and soon enough we had hundreds of printers that created a market of over thousands different genuine ink cartridges, which leads us to the next question.

Different generations of printers asked for different ink cartridge standards

As already pointed out above, at one point in history HP created the Deskwriter, which was fuelled with the HP 26 Ink Cartridge. Since the device was inefficient in many ways, through the next 30 years they tried to either improve or simplify the technology which lead them to different models of printers and ink cartridges through the years. Since one printer has a life spawn of around 10 years, you can only imagine how many different Ink Cartridges a company has to have to supply all the users who don’t want to upgrade to the newest models.

On top of that, the manufacturers don’t support each other, which means that if you buy a HP printer, that same printer will work only with specific HP Ink cartridges, you can’t try out a pair of Epson Ink Cartridges, even if you succeeded in placing it within the device – it will just not work. Sometimes the manufacturer would go even that far that the same series of printers is not using the same ink cartridges, with the HP Envy 7640 Ink, and the HP Envy 5530 Ink as good examples – they use completely different models of ink cartridges. This same fact drove many users crazy, especially once the industry started pricing their ink cartridges in a ridiculous way.

Consumers weren’t happy with the prices, soon enough remanufactured ink entered the market

We’re all aware that behind every business model there’s a company executive that wants to meet or exceed the KPI’s for a specific quarter. That’s the point of having a business, we know that, but then again, if the user has a perfectly fine product, but is not happy with the consumable goods or supplies, soon enough a new market will emerge.

It happened to Sony when users started pirating their PlayStation games, it happened to the entertainment industry once torrents were introduced, and the printer industry was also not immune to it.  The users will always find a way, which leads us to the today’s topic – remanufactured ink cartridges.

To the main point, what is actually a remanufactured Ink Cartridge?

If you ever asked yourself where all the recycled ink cartridges go, then this is the answer. Companies which specialize in remanufactured ink are buying already used ink cartridges and are then refilling them with their own ink. The business is huge and you can find several companies doing it on a larger scale, together with some smaller ones specializing in certain types of printers.

The process of creating a remanufactured ink cartridge usually involves an empty OEM cartridge that has been cleaned up, either by hand or by a machine, tested for quality and then refilled with compatible ink or toner powder. In most cases the reputable companies have an extensive remanufacturing process, which in the end results with a cartridge that looks similar to the original one, has almost the same ink quality, but costs half of the original price.

Do remanufactured ink cartridges work?

Well, most of them offer the same page yield and almost the same ink quality… The only reason they cost less is because a good portion of the components is recycled or reused. In the end, we’re using the original shell of the cartridge, keeping most of the internal parts in tact, so that the manufacturing costs remain at a minimum.

On top of that, it’s good to note that remanufactured cartridges are environmentally friendly, and by supporting the industry you’re actually making the landfill a bit smaller.

Are they filled with genuine or remanufactured printer ink?

Yes and no. While most sellers of remanufactured ink cartridge will try to explain you that there is no main difference, unfortunately that’s not the case.

Istražit, raspisat, ne ic pretjerano u detalje though, 150-200 riječi dosta.


Does using a remanufactured ink cartridge void my warranty?

In short, no. You’re protected by the Magnuson-Moss Warranty Improvement Act.

The Magnuson-Moss Warranty Improvement Act was created to fix problems as a result of manufacturers using disclaimers on warranties in an unfair or misleading manner. According to the report from the House of Representatives which accompanied the law (House Report No. 93-1197, 93d Cong 2d Sess.), the Magnuson-Moss act was enacted by Congress in response to merchants’ widespread misuse of express warranties and disclaimers. The legislative history indicates that the purpose of the act is to make warranties on consumer products more readily understood and enforceable and to provide the Federal Trade Commission with means to better protect consumers. Source: Wikipedia.

In other words, if you own the printer, you have the right to install whichever ink cartridge you want, regardless if it’s genuine or remanufactured. The company which manufactured the device, their salesperson, associate or service technician can’t deny you service or a refund if the device is still under warranty, just because you’re using a product which is compatible with it. It doesn’t even matter what the printer user manual tells you, you’re still protected by this Act.

Genuine Ink Cartridges vs Remanufactured Ink Cartridges, what are the pros and cons?

Istražit, raspisat, do 300 rijeci, mozda dodat jos jedan Heading 2.

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Ovdje mi je fakat bitno da bude konkretan zaključak, ako je tvoje istraživanje zaključilo da postoje kompromisi, nemoj preporucit remanufactured ink, ako si vidio da ih nema, preporuci, ali probaj ostat na legalnoj strani barem 40%.


About The Author

Anya's experience with printers goes back to her early childhood years. Her father was a businessman, so he owned one of those big paper-churning devices that most of the neighbors would have found strange. Anya wasn't weirded out by it, though, she was fascinated! So fascinated that she ended up wasting a couple of thousand of extra pages printing all sorts of weird stuff, which probably didn't make her father all too happy. Flash forward, and Anya is in college studying IT. She's noticing that all her friends are having trouble with printing. They can't make sense of whether ink or laser is better, they can't find the correct manual for their device, and most of the time, the papers coming out are all blurry-looking. Given Anya's wealth of previous experience, she naturally feels the urge to help her fellow students and, in turn, ends up getting even more experience with all things involving printing (although there was a lot of trial and error in the process). These days, Anya is working in the IT industry and still deals with printers. A lot of them. Since most of the ones she deals with are from the HP brand, it only made sense for us for us to hand her over the entire HP printer user manuals section of the site. We love sense around here.